Facial skin care – It is well known that facial skin needs care and attention.
However, there are certain details and nuances that need to be considered and knowledge to get the perfect result and keep the skin healthy for a long time.
We talked to a qualified doctor-dermatologist, venereologist, cosmetologist.
– At what age should a woman start facial skin care?
– The skin is the largest organ of the body. He is our mantle. The skin is affected by health conditions and environmental factors. Perception of our renom begins primarily with skin evaluation. Skin care starts from the first minutes of birth and lasts a lifetime. However, depending on the age, sex, season and skin problems, there are different methods and means of skin care.
I would especially like to mention the so-called A common problem for girls in transition – acne (red rash, pigmented skin). Every third girl is bothered by this. Starting treatment at an early stage with a dermatologist will eliminate the problem more quickly and protect the skin from spots and scars. Even girls and women with dry skin are advised to constantly use moisturizing and nourishing creams.
The most important is the daily intake of clean water for people of all ages, 30 ml per 1 kg of body weight.
Use intensive skin care products, ie cleansing gels, soaps, lotions, ointments, emulsions and masks from the age of 23-25.
Choose a facial skin care program individually, in consultation with a dermato-cosmetologist.
– Which parameters should be taken into account when choosing skin care products?
– When choosing a skin care product, be sure to consider the following parameters:
- Whether the above product is suitable for your skin type
- How appropriate is the cosmetology to your age
- Is it safe for the skin (take into account your skin sensitivity and susceptibility to allergies)
- Pregnant women should be especially careful when consuming cosmetology products
- The cost should be commensurate with the quality
- Keep in mind that it is possible to change the skin type according to the season! That is why you should choose skin care products seasonally
- Any product applied to the skin affects the whole organism! (Lauryl sulfate – removes necessary lipids from the skin, causes dry skin. Isopril – often causes pigmentation and pigmentation changes)
– What kind of cream is preferable to use at a young age?
– I recommend young women with dry skin to use cleansing milk morning and evening, clean it with a cosmetic sponge soaked in warm water. Then apply moisturizing cream suitable for your age in the morning and nourishing in the evening according to the massage lines. For oily skin, wash with a special cleansing gel or liquid soap designed for oily skin. It is desirable that these remedies have antibacterial action. Use only moisturizers morning and evening.
– How important is the use of creams according to age and why?
– The visuals of the skin change with age. It gradually loses water (i.e. suffers from dehydration), reduces the production of elastin and collagen, decreases fat, and so on. After 45 years, female hormones in the body gradually decrease, the amount of calcium decreases, so from this age the skin begins to relax, receding, wrinkles, sometimes – pigmented spots, in some cases – obesity.
Every age group has its own characteristics, individual skin problems should also be taken into account.
At a young age (up to 25 years), unless serious problems are noted, a light moisturizing cream with plant extracts and vitamins is quite sufficient.
Above the age of 25, use cosmetics with antioxidants, proteins, hyaluronic acid, algae and collagen. These components will protect your skin from premature aging.
Over 35 years, the cream should contain antioxidants, retinol, phyto-stem cells, peptides (eg argirelin, matrixil), hyaluronic acid, collagen and other anti-aging components.
– According to the skin type, how to determine the desired cream for the skin?
– For oily or oily skin, as well as for acne, choose cosmetics of lighter texture, oil-free or non-comedogenic (non-comedogenic) gels, creams, emulsions, fluids and serums.
Keep in mind! Moisturizers are:
- Hyaluronic acid
- Aloe Vera
- Amino acids
- Lactic acid and malic acid
- Sphingolipids and lecithin
For dry and dry skin, look for more concentrated textures with oils, waxes, lanolin, silicone, etc. For dehydrated skin, focus on hydration.
– At what age do we start different aesthetic procedures or what can indicate the need for aesthetic medicine?
– Look in the mirror, look critically at the face, if you notice that despite daily care, you still do not look desirable – the skin is swollen, there are fine wrinkles, pigment spots, facial oval changes, eyelids droop, then consult a specialist.
I think the use of aesthetic medicine is allowed from the age of 35.
– How to care for the skin in the spring-summer period?
– Spring is characterized by an increase in allergies and activation of the sun’s rays. The “golden rule” for the spring-summer season: moisturizing in the morning and protection from the harmful rays of the sun, feeding in the evening and recovery.
Preferably, summer day creams do not contain oils and silicones. You can replace day cream with serum this season, especially for oily skin. In the spring, use sunscreen with SPF 15-20. During pregnancy, during lactation, during the transition period, during any hormonal changes, as well as in the case of skin prone to pigmentation, during the summer, use sunscreen with protection PF 30 and more. In active sun conditions, use creams with antioxidants (vitamins A, E, C, resveratrol, selenium, copper peptides, lycopene, green tea).
– How to deal with pigment spots?
– Before you visit the aesthetic centers for the peeling procedure, try to whiten the pigment spots at home.
Wash two lemons with hot water. Grate the lemon peel on a fine grater. Add one tablespoon of warm olive oil, mix and massage this paste into the facial skin in a circular motion. Then rinse with warm water.
Whitening effect masks:
Mask #1: Mix freshly squeezed lemon juice and honey in a ratio of 1: 1. Apply on clean skin for 20 minutes, rinse with warm water.
Mask #2: Mix two tablespoons of 3% hydrogen peroxide and one tablespoon of lemon juice. Soak a bandage in this solution and apply in three layers on the pigment spots for 5-7 minutes. Then rinse and apply a nourishing cream. Use 2-3 weeks to get the desired result.
Mask #3: Grate white cabbage on a fine grater, add 1 tablespoon of honey, apply on face for 20 minutes. You can freeze white cabbage juice and treat your skin with cabbage ice in the morning.
Mask #4: Use cottage cheese or cottage cheese and sour (kefir, yogurt). Apply the mask for 15-20 minutes. Rinse with water diluted with lemon juice. This mask is very suitable for dry skin.