Women’s health – together a delicate topic:
Even the slightest problem is enough to disturb his peace. Women do not like to talk about gynecological problems and therefore avoid visiting a doctor for fear of hearing an unpleasant diagnosis.
Some gynecological pathologies are asymptomatic for a long time, if nothing bothers us, we rarely turn to a gynecologist for a prophylactic examination. Taking care of family, children, spouse, work and a thousand life problems we can never find the time to make sure we are healthy.
- 60% of women of reproductive age suffer from any type of gynecological disease, however, experts believe that this figure is actually much higher.
- The reason is not always low sex culture, it is related to the deterioration of public health of all populations, unfavorable ecological environment and modern active woman lifestyle – endless stresses, emotions, physical fatigue and inadequate physical activity.
- Gynecological diseases are directly related to complicated pregnancies and childbirth.
- Experts also point out that a woman enjoys almost no maternity leave during her career advancement and returns to work within a few weeks of giving birth, which increases the likelihood of young mothers developing gynecological diseases, which may appear several months and sometimes years later.
Major groups of diseases
Diseases of the female genital system are divided into 3 main groups: infectious, endocrine and neoplastic neoplasms.
This group includes sexually transmitted infections: chlamydia, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, candidiasis and others. They are usually secreted, so the role of a prophylactic visit to the gynecologist is especially important to detect them.
Dysfunction of the pituitary gland, adrenal glands, and ovaries directly affects a woman’s ability to conceive, her quality of sex life, and even her appearance. Such diseases may be congenital and acquired. Today, this group is increasingly attributed to obesity, which leads to disruption of the menstrual cycle and infertility.
Benign and malignant tumors are the same problem today for both older and younger women. Fortunately, a malignant tumor is no longer a verdict, it is important to detect it at an early stage and start treatment early, which is another argument for a prophylactic visit, especially for those who have a positive hereditary predisposition to ovarian and uterine cancer.
Gallery of Gynecological Diseases
1. Erosion of the cervix;
2. Colpitis – inflammation of the vaginal mucosa;
3. Uterine myoma – a benign tumor that develops in the muscular membrane of the uterus – the myometrium. It feels like rejuvenating it, more and more often it is a problem of women aged 25-27.
4. Adnexitis – inflammation of the uterine appendages: ovaries and fallopian tubes;
5. Infertility – Female infertility is when a woman is unable to conceive within 1 year of having regular sexual intercourse, with sexual intercourse occurring at least once a week without contraception;
6. Endometriosis – a disease in which cells of the endometrium of the lining of the uterus begin to grow in atypical areas. The nature of endometriosis has not been fully studied, although it can be said that inflammatory processes are its provocative factors. Endometriosis is one of the most common causes of infertility;
7. Ovarian cyst – a benign growth, a tissue cavity filled with liquid or semi-liquid contents;
8. Cervical dysplasia – a precancerous disease in which the maturation and differentiation of cervical lining cells is disrupted;
9. Menstrual cycle disorder – any deviation from the normal menstrual cycle.
10. Endometrial hyperplasia – an increase in the thickness of the inner layer of the uterus, the cause is hormonal disorders in the female body;
11. Leading among malignant tumors is cervical cancer. However, there is no obvious tendency to reduce it, which is associated with the widespread spread of viral infections. Among malignant tumors, a significant share also falls on cervical cancer;
12. Gynecologists note that the gynecological problems of adolescent girls have increased significantly in recent years as a result of early sexual life and improperly developed sexual culture. Both infectious and endocrine problems in adults have become more common.
Keep in mind. Any gynecological disease is cured at an early stage, so it is important to make a visit to the gynecologist once every 6 months.
See also: Ovarian cyst