Woman’s body during pregnancy – Pregnancy is a special period not only for a woman, but for her whole family, because the current changes in the life of a pregnant woman more or less affect the lives of her family members.
Each trimester of pregnancy is accompanied by changes characteristic of both the body and the psycho-emotional sphere. Pregnancy-related transformations are associated with changes in organ system function, psychoemotional background, and sex life.
Pregnancy and internal organs
Many believe that changes during pregnancy are experienced only by the genitals, but the shifts apply to absolutely all organs. Endocrine system – From the 6th to the 8th week of pregnancy, the endocrine system switches, the processes of absorption and accumulation of nutrients predominate in the metabolism, as a result of which a woman’s body weight increases by 10-15 kg on average by the end of pregnancy. , Increases cholesterol content. Cardiovascular system – a second “heart” appears in the body during pregnancy – the placental circle of the bloodstream – and the load on the heart increases significantly, which in virtually healthy women causes the heart rate to increase, temporarily drop, and blood pressure to rise. Sometimes the pressure is 130/80 mm Hg. It even exceeds the SV, although it returns to normal after childbirth. Respiratory system – During pregnancy, the body’s demand for oxygen increases significantly.
Under the influence of placental hormones, the bronchi expand and the flow of air to them increases. It is true that an enlarged uterus narrows the diaphragm, but this does not impede the supply of oxygen, as the expansion of the thoracic cavity increases the volume of the lungs, their ventilation, therefore, timely expulsion of gas exchange products. Urinary system – The kidney performs a double load during pregnancy: it filters the metabolic products of both the mother and the fetus. A healthy pregnant woman excretes 1200-1600 ml of urine per day, 950-1200 ml – during the day, the rest – at night. Urination becomes more frequent in the footsteps of fetal growth. Sometimes the kidneys find it difficult to bear the double load and this is why pregnancy develops, which is typical for pregnancy.
Digestive tract – due to the growth of the uterus, the evacuation capacity of the stomach decreases, the food stays in it for a relatively long time. Decreases the level of potassium in the blood, which reduces the production of the enzyme gastrin, disrupts the secretion of gastric juice, resulting in heartburn, nausea and vomiting. After the growth of new, living creatures in the abdomen, certain changes take place in the intestines as well; They change location, their ability to peristalsis and movement decreases, leading to constipation, timely expulsion of fecal masses leads to accumulation of gas in the intestines, bloating of the abdomen, cracks in the rectum and the development of hemorrhoids. Increased concentration of sex hormones in the blood has a negative effect on the bile ducts, in particular, inflammatory lesions of the gallbladder after pregnancy and others.
As you know, during pregnancy a woman grows belly, swollen lips, spots appear on the face, swollen lower extremities, etc. All this leads to psycho-emotional changes, which are manifested by sleep disturbances, irritability, feelings of unconscious fear and impending danger. During the first trimester of pregnancy, the traits that characterized a woman before pregnancy intensify, in particular, weak, gentle, self-confident women become even more sensitive and tearful. They are especially feared by those who have had an abortion or a severe pregnancy. Strong and confident women become even more militant, aggressive and demanding. This is a natural defensive reaction of the body, because it thinks of only one thing – the growth of the fetus. Everything else will move to the background for him. All this, due to the psychophysical type and temperament, changes a woman’s character radically.
See also: Blood tests during pregnancy